Private Alfred Percy Mundy

Alfred was born in 1879 and baptised on the 1st June of that year.

Alfred was the son of John Mundy (b 1840 baptised 4 Oct 1840 d 1927) a general/farm Labourer in Tilshead and Sarah J Mundy (Nee Perry) (b 1842 Shrewton d 1913 Tilshead buried 23 Jul 1913).  John and Sarah married circa 1861.

The 1911 Census shows they had 9 children, 7 which were alive in 1911 and 2 which had sadly died.  I can only positively identify one which had died.  The children were:

  • Sarah Jane b 1862 bapt 8 Jun 1862
  • Mary Maria b 1864 bapt 22 May 1864
  • Frank b 20 Jul 1866 d 21 Jul 1866
  • William b 1867 bapt 24 Nov 1867
  • Annie b 1870 bapt 11Sep 1870
  • Edward b circa 1873
  • Alfred Percy b 1879 bapt 1 Jun 1879 d 1918
  • Edith b circa 1882

Alfred Percy is recorded in the following Census returns specific to Tilshead:

  • 1881 with Father and Mother and siblings William, Annie and Edward
  • 1891 living next door to Grand Mother, Aunts and Uncles near Bell Inn with Father and Mother and brother William.
  • 1901 Next door to Black Horse Public House (or in the Pub) with Father and Mother
  • 1911 with Father and Mother and sister Edith Miles (Nee Mundy).
  • 1918-The Commonwealth War Graves Commission citation for Alfred shows his Dad John living at Southside House, Tilshead.

Service Detail

Alfred Percy Mundy was 35 when war broke out and was 39 when he died, quite old for a soldier in WW1.  Sadly, his service record did not survive the WW2 blitz so we are not able to confirm his service detail with any degree of certainty.

It is clear from his Medal Index Card and Medal Index Roll entry that he initially joined 34th (Labour) Battalion Royal Fusiliers.  By looking at service numbers of soldiers in this Battalion who have a Service Number in his range (31392) and whose service records have survived, we can assume he probably joined up on or around February 1916 and then joined the Battalion when it formed at Falmer near Brighton May/June 1916 and then proceeded to France.

The formation of the Labour Corps was authorised by a Royal Warrant issued as Army Order 85 published on 22 February 1917. On or around this date the 34th (Labour) Battalion Royal Fusiliers became the 101st Labour Company and his Service Number also changed (60422).  The order specifically made the point that the raising of the Corps was to be a temporary measure, but it would be regarded as a Corps for the purposes of the Army Act. Regimental pay would be the same as that of the infantry of the line.

Personnel employed in the Labour Corps were medically of a slightly lower grade or older than infantrymen at the front. Generally, personnel over 35 like Alfred were enlisted into the Labour Corps. Personnel of the Corps had to be fit to undertake manual labour but generally would not be required to march (with full kit) over 5 miles. 

In France a Labour Company usually consisted of 450 men under 5 officers.

A medical record for Alfred exists from the 3rd Casualty Clearing Station. 

He was admitted there on 26 Jan 1918 with an Inflammation of Connective Tissue to the Right Heel (a digging injury?) when 3rd CCS was based in Grevillers (just south of Arras and east of Cambrai) just before the German Op MICHAEL spring offensive.

The record shows he was transferred to 17th Field ambulance on 31 Jan 1918.  17 FA were attached to the 6th Division and AT 6 is also mentioned on his medical record line (6th Div Ambulance Train).

I will make a guess that Alfred and 101st Labour Company were possibly operating in the area of Amiens in April/May, possibly conducting road repair tasks which would be a prime target for Artillery rear area gas attacks. 

A Pension Record card also confirms Alfred died 15 May 1918 from wounds (gas poisoning). 

The fact he is buried at ST. SEVER CEMETERY EXTENSION, ROUEN (Plot Q. II. H. 20) suggests he was evacuated there as Rouen was too far away to come under gas attack.  Other records for the period also show other soldiers from 101st Labour Company were also there with gas poisoning.  .

The Labour Corps built roads and railways, dug trenches, carried the wounded and buried the dead. They made a vital contribution to the war effort as workers. Like Alfred, many died, and yet their contribution and sacrifice is rarely acknowledged.

Medical Record Entry

In WW1 Rouen was well behind the lines and became a major logistics centre with numerous base hospitals. Commonwealth camps and hospitals were stationed on the southern outskirts of Rouen.  Almost all of the hospitals at Rouen remained there for the duration of the war.

Register of Soldiers Effects Entry
Medal Index Card

Medal Index Roll Entry

War Medal
Victory Medal

George Clegg

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